The Educator's PLN

The personal learning network for educators

Metacognitive Strategies for Reading Comprehension

Metacognitive Strategies for Reading Comprehension

 

Students who are taught reading comprehension strategies aremore successful readers.  Whilesome students may eventually learn some of these strategies on their own, theycan be taught quite effectively in the early elementary grades.  Here are ten reading comprehensionstrategies from Ellin Keene’s book AssessingComprehension Thinking Strategies to consider.

 

1. Think out loud. Good readers monitor their thinking while reading.

 

2. Use schema. Consciously connect the text to preexisting knowledge and experiencesand consider how it helps their understanding of the text.

 

3. Inferring. Use experience and information from the text to draw conclusions, makeconnections, predictions, and form opinions.

 

4. Ask questions about the text before, during, and afterreading. 

 

5. Make decisions about what is important in the text(elements and themes).  Be able tosummarize the main points.

 

6. Set a purpose for reading to make it meaningful. 

 

7. Monitor comprehension.  Make sure students have strategies in place if they find thetext too difficult.

 

8. Visualize what is being read.  Make brain movies! Tune into the sensory and emotional images of the text to enhance thevisualization.  Use thisinformation to help make inferences and draw conclusions.

 

9. Synthesizing and retelling.  Keeping track of their impressions while reading andidentifying the underlying meaning of the text.  Connect the text to information from other sources.  Extending that information beyond thetext to form opinions and read critically.

 

10. Text structure. Understanding the elements of a story and how stories are put togetherhelps students analyze and think critically about meaning.

 

Even learning just one or two of these metacognitivestrategies has been shown to make a difference in reading performance.  Which strategies do your studentsalready use?  Which ones will theylearn next?

 

Views: 6415

Comment

You need to be a member of The Educator's PLN to add comments!

Join The Educator's PLN

Comment by Angie Rumsey on January 23, 2011 at 9:15pm
OOOh  What a great idea Shelly.  I'll have to try that.  Thanks for sharing!
Comment by Diane Dahl on January 23, 2011 at 9:12pm
What a great idea Shelly!  I'm going to try that.  Thank you for sharing!
Comment by Shelly Surridge on January 23, 2011 at 5:57pm
We've been exploring the visualizing strategy and this past week I pulled out some classical music. First I had them put their heads down and just listen for one minute. When the minute was up I kept the music playing and told them to draw what they saw in their heads. It was so much fun! Then we compared that all our drawings were different (just as readers take different things away from what they read) and I asked them to share WHY they drew what they drew. I was really excited about the reasoning they used! They seemed to make the connection to what a mental image was very easily and they BEGGED to do more! That's a great learning experience!
Comment by Bruce Brown on January 17, 2011 at 6:57pm

We have created a fun iPod app in a bingo like format to help students practice the 5W's - Who, What, Why, When, Where. Students read controlled reading level passages about Inventors and their Inventions, the answer the questions. App is on 3 different levels of reading difficult. 

Check us out at the iTunes store.   
http://bit.ly/fEhkM1

Bruce Brown

www.eskillslearning.net

Comment by Diane Dahl on January 17, 2011 at 11:10am
Just created student blogs for this purpose!  Great suggestion ladies!
Comment by Diane Dahl on January 17, 2011 at 11:05am

Angie, Mary, and Mayus,

Would you guys mind putting those suggestions on the Brain-Based Teaching group page?  Those are excellent suggestions.

Thanks, Diane

Comment by MAYUS CHAVEZ on January 13, 2011 at 11:28pm

I work on some strategies during the reading, we are using transmedia and children post their thoughts in a blog.

We share from one school to another

http://jvs-itycprogram.blogspot.com

Comment by Mary Jane Waite on January 12, 2011 at 9:53pm

I will be focusing on these strategies with my high school seniors in two weeks.  I will have all of them practice listening to the three voices in their head that Chris Tovani mentions (reading voice, the voice responding to the text, and the distracting voice) throughout the semester, but ask them to commit one other strategy every month.

I am hoping to strengthen their foundation before we begin to do "research".

Comment by Diane Dahl on January 12, 2011 at 7:18pm
OMG, that is fantastic!  I love the way you have them post it on a blog.  I'm going to do that with my class!
Comment by Angie Rumsey on January 12, 2011 at 6:50pm

In Third grade we teach them how to write a thinking stem.  It looks something like this:  

 

I am reading ... (name of story)... by (author ... In my story ( tell me an event that is happening in your story)  then they write a thinking stem - (I'm thinking... feeling,... seeing... noticing... or this reminds me of....)  After they write one stem - they write two more with the same formula.

 

It's a lot of work, but good for checking comprehension.  It also checks to see if they are being meta-cognitive. I do this about once a week - about....

 

Here are some rough ones 

kidblogs

About

Thomas Whitby created this Ning Network.

Latest Activity

Michael Yarbrough posted a discussion

Why Students Plagiarize?

     Plagiarism is a theft. It means that you stole someone's identity, someone's thoughts. It's horrible. We should teach our young generation not to be thieves and avoid plagiarism.             But theft it's not the biggest problem. As educator and psychologist I did a range of anonymous tests and I found that the most common reason of plagiarizing is fear.Yes, fear.Fear of being incorrect.Fear of being not accepted in college or university.Fear to show their own feelings and personal…See More
yesterday
John Braswell posted a blog post

Primary Inclusions in PALS Class

Essay about How Critical Can Pediatric Emergencies Get? Pediatric emergencies are related to health emergencies suffered by children. Like health emergencies faced by adults, even children are prone to suffering sudden attacks and arrests that can cause dramatic mental and physical trauma in them. Not many people believe that children as young as 4 to 5 years can face cardiac attests or, depression in their central…See More
yesterday
Edward Lake is now a member of The Educator's PLN
Sunday
Profile IconMiriam Green and Anna Warren joined The Educator's PLN
Saturday
John Braswell posted a blog post

Microsoft 70 693 Certification For Fulfilling Your Dreams

Among all the certification courses that are available in the market, Microsoft 70 693 is one of the best options for you to consider in this regard. Microsoft 70 693 certification examination is an excellent course because it can add some…See More
Saturday
David Chiles posted a status
"Resources For Educators To Use In The Wake Of Charlottesville https://n.pr/2uCnsLL"
Friday
Anna Warren updated their profile
Friday
Profile IconMegan Holley and Liz Sanderson joined The Educator's PLN
Aug 17

Awards And Nominations

© 2017   Created by Thomas Whitby.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service